At this time there is no recommended therapies for the treatment of ANE in the acute stage. Intensive care, symptomatic treatment and empirical treatments such as the use of anti virals and immunomodulatory agents are tested in the majority of cases. The following are therapies that may be used for ANE patients as decided by their treating physicians. Since no ANE patient is identical to another, hence no two patient treatments will be identical. The majority of patients will be placed in a drug induced coma. Attending Doctors and Neurologists will assess the situation carefully and treat the patient according to their needs.